Periodontal disease causes the tissue and bone that holds your teeth in their sockets to shrink. When gum tissue begins to shrink away from the tooth, pockets between the tooth and gum tissue form. Bacteria collects in these pockets, causing additional tissue and bone loss.
The condition progresses as the pockets become deeper, storing even more bacteria. When too much tissue is lost, the tooth needs to be extracted. If the tooth isn’t removed, the condition can worsen until the tooth falls out.
Osseous surgery is the process by which bacteria is removed from these pockets and the gum tissue is reattached to the tooth. Sometimes, the bone needs to be smoothed to prevent bacteria from hiding in ridges and re-infecting the area. Once the gum tissue is reattached to healthy bone, the bone and gum can begin to heal.
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