The jaw and gumline have a natural contour to them. Disease and tooth loss can alter the appearance and function of the ridge. Before a tooth is extracted, a hard grafting procedure of the bone, or a soft grafting procedure of the gum tissue may be needed to prevent the loss of the contour.
Hard tissue ridge augmentation is a procedure in which the jawbone is rebuilt. This procedure is sometimes necessary for the placement and support of a dental implant.
Soft tissue ridge augmentation procedures are used to repair the contour and appearance of the gum tissue. Both hard and soft ridge augmentations are used to create a more natural look where teeth are missing.
Ovate pontic refers to a procedure that makes a false tooth look more natural when in the mouth. A small concave depression is created in the gum and the contour of the false tooth is built into the depression to create a more natural look.
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